The monkey wrench is a type of adjustable wrench. It appeared and was used for nuts of various sizes. It is lighter in weight and has a smaller head that allows it to fit more easily in tight spaces. It is used widely by professionals and non-professionals.
This article will introduce you, below, to the monkey wrench, including the history of the invention, the inventor, and his characteristics.
1. History of the monkey wrench
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, in England, monkey wrenches appeared and were used for odd-sized nuts on wagon wheels. Then, they were exported to North America. Therefore, the monkey wrench is an American refinement of English wrenches. Until the 19th and early 20th century, It was widely used. The monkey wrench is a piece of equipment designed to meet an immediate goal.
It is used loosely by professionals (plumbers, pipefitters, aviation technicians, etc.) and not professionally.
The monkey wrenches were adjusted by sliding a wedge and turning the handle. They are lighter in weight and have a smaller head than other wrenches, which allows them to fit more easily in tight spaces.
In 1840, the manufacturer invented a new design of an adjustable screw wrench whose jaw width was set with a rotating ring attached above the handle.
In 1841, this invention was patented and advertised, and sold as monkey keys. This term was also used for English wrenches for trainers with handles.
Over the following years, the Coers family partnerships produced a wide range of monkey wrenches. There are a few Coes wrenches sold with wooden knife handles.
In 1909, the Coes Wrench Company announced the manufacture of a new six-foot-long wrench, shaped like an adjustable wrench, which could be used on railroads.
In short, the monkey wrench is a very interesting and useful tool for professionals and non-professionals because of its small size, ease of use, and lightweight.
2. Jack Johnson and the Monkey Wrench:
Jack Johnson was born in Galveston, Texas. At 19, he started boxing. Quickly, he made a name for himself.
On February 3, 1903, he had one of those victories, the “Colorful Heavyweight Championship.”
In 1908, by beating Tommy Burns in the 14th round, Jack became the world’s first African-American heavyweight champion. He kept his title for a long time, and in April 1915, he was eliminated by Jess Willard in the 26th round.
Jack Johnson’s victory at the World Heavyweight Championship has inspired a quest to find a “great white hope” in a white man capable of defeating him and claiming the title.
This “great white hope” is James Jeffries. The latter seeks to regain the title from Jack. But he was quickly beaten by the great champion. It won the white-on-black violence in the United States.
The story of Jack Johnson’s invention is compelling and touching. Jack broke the bad social rules of his time.
This championship was subsequently sanctioned and sentenced to one year in federal prison for taking his white girlfriend across state borders. This white girlfriend later became his wife.
During his imprisonment, Jack needed a tool that would help him loosen or tighten the fasteners. He created this tool. He invented it with a powerful grabbing action and took it apart to be replaced or repaired.
Jack called this invention a ” monkey wrench” and then patented it on April 18, 1922.
On June 10, 1946, at age 68, Jack Johnson was killed in a car crash in North Carolina. In 1954 he was inducted into the National Boxing Hall of Fame and in 1990, the International Boxing Hall of Fame.
3. What is a monkey wrench, and how do you use it?
The monkey wrench was a very popular tool for customers. It was the first type of key that could be used with one hand. Unlike a standard wrench, the monkey wrench is adjusted for nuts of different sizes. It’s about turning the screw that moves the lower jaw back and forth.
So, comparing it too heavy wrenches of different fixed sizes, the monkey wrench, a single wrench used with nuts of multiple sizes, is better preferred because it is lighter and smaller and a must-have tool. Besides, monkey wrenches are widely used for heavier jobs.
In short, the monkey wrench was invented in the 19th century. This tool is used to hold materials in place. It had L and F. it has a fixed upper jaw with a variable lower jaw, which goes up and down by a screw mechanism. You need to apply pressure to tighten or loosen the monkey wrench attachment. To tighten the fastener, turn the monkey wrench clockwise and loosen a fastener and turn the monkey wrench counterclockwise.
Its jaws are attached to the fixation head. The use of a monkey wrench is manifold. It can be tightened on pipes and various other fasteners (wheel nuts, screws).
The monkey wrench is a staple in toolboxes. It is a very important, recognized, and useful tool. It appeared and was used for nuts of different sizes. It is lightweight and has a small head that allows it to fit more easily in tight spaces. Professionals and not professionals use it.
The monkey wrench has several characteristics. Its main use is to hold materials in place. The monkey wrench can tighten on pipes and various other fasteners (lug nuts, screws).
A monkey wrench can have the shape of L and F. it has two jaws, a fixed upper jaw, and a variable lower jaw (goes up and down by a screw mechanism). To use it, apply pressure to tighten or loosen the monkey wrench.
This article introduces you to the monkey wrench, its history of invention, the most famous inventor, and its characteristics.
There is indeed a lack of clear and fair information on who invented this tool. However, most of the information is that it was Jack Johnson, who invented the monkey wrench.
We hope you find this article helpful and provide you with some valuable information on the monkey wrench.